NFPA which is the National Fire Protection Association has developed numerous standards that play an important role in every building, process, service, design and installation. One of the most notable features about NFPA’s code development process is that it is open and consensus-based. This means anybody can participate in the development of these important documents. All NFPA codes and standards are periodically reviewed by more than 9,000 volunteer committee members with a wide range of professional expertise. The purpose of a building’s life safety system is to reduce the potential risks to life as well as the property from various threats. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has developed life safety codes to protect people’s lives based on the building construction, protection, and occupancy features.
These codes are very important in today’s times when the risk factors have greatly increased. Nowadays we see more incidents involving buildings catching fire and this is why now we need these codes more than ever.
Where ever people go in their daily lives, there are certain codes which need to be followed e.g. limited number of occupancy in a building, the placement of fire extinguishers, exit signs for the quickest way out, doors to be kept closed, but not locked to prevent the spread of fire, etc. In your own home there are fire codes that go hand in hand with your local building and construction codes. There must be alarms situated in points of the home to detect smoke. Each room must have a window that allows you to escape a fire. Some homes may require sprinklers like many apartments and condominiums.
Installing a nice fireplace in your lounge requires fire safety codes that you must abide by. Your water heater has to be installed to code and don’t forget the comfortable sofa that you sit on; all the materials used in the making has to be fire resistant. Our lives are basically ruled by different types of codes and ordinances that are put in place for everyone’s safety. Fire codes prohibit blocking the fire exits in any type of public building, such as office buildings, hospitals, clinics, restaurants and apartment units.
The most important place where these need to be implemented are at the factories and big companies where thousands of people work on daily basis. Pakistan has faced some of the worst fire incidents that have killed thousands and brought financial losses as well. The fire incidents kill 16,500 people and leave 164,000 injured or disabled every year across the country but the government is yet to adopt a National Fire Safety Policy to control the situation. The country witnessed the worst fire incident in Karachi recently that claimed around 300 lives. The Federal Capital is also no exception as it had also experienced inferno incidents at Marriott Hotel, UBL Building and commercial plazas. Therefore it is clear that our country needs these set of codes as soon as possible. Only with the implementation of these policies we can save lives and properties.
With the NFPA-101 you can limit the danger brought to you by fire, smoke, heat and toxic fumes in a minimum budget. Therefore not only will this save lives and property but your money as well. It includes protective features and systems, building services, operating features, maintenance activities, and other provisions for additional safeguards that meet the need for providing adequate protection for building occupants from fire. The Life Safety Code can also be used for non-fire emergencies, as its provisions, addressing hazardous materials emergencies, injuries from falls, emergency communications, and means of egress, can be effectual in providing life safety under varying circumstances. Therefore do not ignore this situation and make this code a part of your life so that you can live a tension free life.